Soft tissue implant site development techniques are an integral part of comprehensive treatment planning. It is now well established that, while adequate bone volume is critical to successful implant placement, the characteristics of soft tissue have also a clear influence on the behavior of the underlying bone, influence the peri-implant soft tissue indices and affect the success rate of the overall implant treatment. Soft tissue augmentation therapies are used, not only for site development before implant placement, but can be employed during or after implant placement for simultaneous optimization of the implant site and/or for the treatment of short and long-term complications. The latter are problems that will likely become more common as implant placement is progressively undertaken by a larger number of clinicians. This presentation will focus on the indications, clinical techniques and trouble shooting related to soft tissue augmentation in the context of comprehensive implant therapy.
Upon completion of this presentation, participants should be able to: 1) discuss the indications for soft tissue implant site preparation for health and esthetics; 2) describe the treatment options for soft tissue augmentations for site preparation, before, during and after implant placement; and 3) explain how adequate soft tissue characteristics and their modifications with augmentation procedures, affect short and long-term complications.